Tuesday, May 13, 2008

Keeping Shop... and the Office

It's no secret that one of the more daunting -- but just as rewarding -- disciplines in ecclesial life is that of the Liturgy of the Hours, the church's official daily prayer, which covers the 150 Psalms and a host of readings every month spread over a minimum of five daily "offices," four of which correspond to the time of day.

A mandatory practice for the professed and ordained, the structure of the Hours is a bit more flexible these days -- the pre-Conciliar Roman Breviary stipulated that Night Prayer was to be said before midnight, a rule which led some to pull over and read it from the glow of a headlight amid a late drive home. Even so, keeping the requirement can still seem daunting enough that, as he exhorted his priests to stay faithful to the "Divine Office" in his most recent Chrism Mass homily, Boston's Cardinal Sean O'Malley OFM Cap. made a crack about the "breviary adjustment service."

"For a very reasonable fee of $25," O'Malley said that "the service provides that within hours after your death someone will go to your rectory and place the ribbons in your breviary in the proper corresponding places," adding that "there is a special supplementary service offered for Bishops.

"If the Bishop expires while reading the minutes of the presbyteral council they will come and put the Imitation of Christ in his hands," he said.

"It is what the Irish call cleaning up the obituary."

In recent decades, the Hours have become an ever-more popular option among the laity, reflected by a growing number of parishes returning to the practice of Sunday Vespers, with some places even turning to the Office before Daily Mass.

Among its devotees: an Arizona convenience store owner... whose one-volume breviary's literally falling to pieces:
Abraham Samandar was born and raised in Jerusalem, and he has read and reread the “old stories” from in and around his historic hometown.

“I have read the Bible more than 10 times,” he said.

A devout Roman Catholic, Samandar blends long hours of shopkeeping with adhering to strict traditional readings of the “Libro de las Horas” (Book of the Hours), which some observant Catholics read or recite at the canonical hours. Between customers at J&M Market in Mesa, he gathers up that tattered and mended book, along with his Bible. He dutifully reads the lengthy liturgies assigned for 9 a.m., noon and 3 p.m.  When he has no customers in the store, and that can be an hour at a time, Samandar may chant the words in that day’s liturgy.

“Sometimes they are two hours, sometimes an hour, but no less than a half-hour,” he says of the readings.

Samandar may walk through the store aisles for exercise, or even around the parking lot in front of his shop, as he reads the Spanish texts.

He has owned the convenience store for nine years, but has no help. It means a 14-hour day — a long period away from his wife and six children ages 10 to 17. He says he calls the market “J&M” for two of his children, Joseph and Mary, solid biblical names. But, then, the previous owner also called it “J&M,” and that owner had told Samandar he, too, had named it for his children, Joseph and Mary.

The anemic economy shows in his business. There are a lot of one- or two-item shoppers, mostly getting cigarettes, lottery tickets, beer and snacks....

He laments that he cannot carry on the same work in Arizona because of the demands of running his store. “It’s a different life here,” he said. “Over there (Puerto Rico), you can close your store on Sunday, or you can take two or three days, but over here, you can’t. It’s not like there.”

Once a week, Samandar has worked things out so that his wife of 21 years, Sawsan, comes from their Chandler home and watches the store, so he can attend Mass at St. Andrew the Apostle Catholic Church. After Mass, he’s back at the market.

The storekeeper had an uncle in Jerusalem who became a priest. “Once I thought about being a priest, but I can’t now because I am married,” he said. “I wished God gave me another job so I could …” Samandar’s voice trailed off. “Maybe he is preparing me for something. I don’t know.”...

Prayer sustains Samandar.

He finds comfort in the strict rigors of the Liturgy of the Hours, a practice and obligation that has been part of the Catholic Church tradition from its early centuries. Through time, the church has added or subtracted the number of canonical hours. For example there were eight before Vatican II (1962-65), but the “prime,” or early morning prayer (6 a.m.) was “suppressed,” or set aside. That left the matins (during the night), lauds at dawn, terce at 9 a.m., sext at noon, none (or midafternoon) prayer at 3 p.m., vespers, or evening prayer at the “lighting of the lamps” and compline, or night prayer before retiring.

According to church history, St. Benedict of Nursia (480 to 543) set up the Liturgy of the Hours as a monastic practice. The church says canon law requires priests to pray the full liturgy each day, and deacons are to pray during the morning and evening hours.

Out of Vatican II came the call to Christian lay people to carry out the practice to deepen their faith.

Typically at the start of each of the hours, one recites, “God come to my assistance. Lord make haste to help me.”

Samandar’s hours book, given to him in 1995 by a Spanish priest in Puerto Rico, barely hangs together with cellophane tape, white string and the man’s firm clutch. “I’ve used it so much. That is why you see it like this,” he said.

Some days he will start his readings at 9 a.m. and not finish until 11:30 p.m. His customers and the public see him walking with his book in the store and parking lot and engages him about his faith.

His dream is that his children grow up, study earnestly and find good jobs. “I am 63. Maybe I can work five years like this, but no more,” he said.

Samandar said some customers ask what he is reading, talk to him about his religion and sometimes tell him they admire the example he sets.

“I need help from God,” he explains. “I want to pray. We have the best when we pray to him. … He is our love.”
Tip to the Bench.