Saturday, June 29, 2019

On Pope's Day, Two Priorities: "Witnesses"... and Processes

By custom the "last day of school" at the Vatican – marking the end of the Curia's working year and opening the 10-week summer recess – the centerpiece of this feast of Saints Peter and Paul is usually the morning Mass which the Pope concelebrates with the world's new archbishops named over the last year (video), at whose close they receive a box containing the Pallium, the symbol of their office.

While today brought the 35th anniversary of that custom, per usual, Francis threw some unexpected fireworks into the gears: shortly after the last major liturgy of the cycle wrapped up, the Holy See released a nearly 5,000-word letter from the pontiff to "the People of God journeying in Germany," intended to serve as his contribution to the "binding synodal process" launched by the bishops there in March, specifically with an eye to potential shifts in its concept of ecclesial governance – read: the responsibilities and composition of leadership, ordained and lay – as well as discussions on the church's teaching on sexuality.

Issued only in its original Spanish and a German translation, Francis urged the German effort to "courage, because what we need is much more than a structural, organizational or functional change." Nonetheless, the Pope did not exclude the possibility that, when approached through a collegial hermeneutic, a synodal push at the national level "can reach and take decisions on essential questions for the faith and the life of the church."

Needless to say, the German letter and its repercussions – together with the freshly-released blueprint for October's all-important Synod on the Amazon – will dominate the summer reading lists in much of Churchworld.

Back to today's feast, however, though Francis has devoted prior homilies on Peter and Paul to significant programmatic reflections on the Petrine ministry and his intended evolution of it, this year's preach on the main papal feast was devoted to the "witness" of the lead Apostles – the twin patrons of Rome – which, of course, led to their respective martyrdoms 1,952 years ago.

Here, the English of the Pope's morning homily (emphases original):
The Apostles Peter and Paul stand before us as witnesses. They never tired of preaching and journeying as missionaries from the land of Jesus to Rome itself. Here they gave their ultimate witness, offering their lives as martyrs. If we go to the heart of that testimony, we can see them as witnesses to life, witnesses to forgiveness and witnesses to Jesus.

Witnesses to life. Their lives, though, were not neat and linear. Both were deeply religious: Peter was one of the very first disciples (cf. Jn 1:41), and Paul was “zealous for the traditions of [his] ancestors” (Gal 1:14). Yet they also made great mistakes: Peter denied the Lord, while Paul persecuted the Church of God. Both were cut to the core by questions asked by Jesus: “Simon son of John, do you love me?” (Jn 21:15); “Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?” (Acts 9:4). Peter was grieved by Jesus’ questions, while Paul was blinded by his words. Jesus called them by name and changed their lives. After all that happened, he put his trust in them, in one who denied him and one who persecuted his followers, in two repentant sinners. We may wonder why the Lord chosen not to give us two witnesses of utter integrity, with clean records and impeccable lives? Why Peter, when there was John? Why Paul, and not Barnabas?

There is a great teaching here: the starting point of the Christian life is not our worthiness; in fact, the Lord was able to accomplish little with those who thought they were good and decent. Whenever we consider ourselves smarter or better than others, that is the beginning of the end. The Lord does not work miracles with those who consider themselves righteous, but with those who know themselves needy. He is not attracted by our goodness; that is not why he loves us. He loves us just as we are; he is looking for people who are not self-sufficient, but ready to open their hearts to him. People who, like Peter and Paul, are transparent before God. Peter immediately told Jesus: “I am a sinful man” (Lk 5:8). Paul wrote that he was “least of the apostles, unfit to be called an apostle” (1 Cor 15:9). Throughout life, they preserved this humility, to the very end. Peter died crucified upside down, since he did not consider himself worthy to imitate his Lord. Paul was always fond of his name, which means “little”, and left behind his birth name, Saul, the name of the first king of his people. Both understood that holiness does not consist in exalting but rather in humbling oneself. Holiness is not a contest, but a question of entrusting our own poverty each day to the Lord, who does great things for those who are lowly. What was the secret that made them persevere amid weakness? It was the Lord’s forgiveness.

Let us think about them too as witnesses to forgiveness. In their failings, they encountered the powerful mercy of the Lord, who gave them rebirth. In his forgiveness, they encountered irrepressible peace and joy. Thinking back to their failures, they might have experienced feelings of guilt. How many times might Peter have thought back to his denial! How many scruples might Paul have felt at having hurt so many innocent people! Humanly, they had failed. Yet they encountered a love greater than their failures, a forgiveness strong enough to heal even their feelings of guilt. Only when we experience God’s forgiveness do we truly experience rebirth. From there we start over, from forgiveness; there we rediscover who we really are: in the confession of our sins.

Witnesses to life and witnesses to forgiveness, Peter and Paul are ultimately witnesses to Jesus. In today’s Gospel, the Lord asks: “Who do people say that the Son of Man is?” The answers evoke figures of the past: “John the Baptist, Elijah, Jeremiah or one of the prophets”. Remarkable people, but all of them dead. Peter instead replies: “You are the Christ” (Mt 16:13-14.16). The Christ, that is, the Messiah. A word that points not to the past, but to the future: the Messiah is the one who is awaited, he is newness, the one who brings God’s anointing to the world. Jesus is not the past, but the present and the future. He is not a distant personage to be remembered, but the one to whom Peter can speak intimately: You are the Christ. For those who are his witnesses, Jesus is more than a historical personage; he is a living person: he is newness, not things we have already seen, the newness of the future and not a memory from the past. The witness, then, is not someone who knows the story of Jesus, but someone who has experienced a love story with Jesus. The witness, in the end, proclaims only this: that Jesus is alive and that he is the secret of life. Indeed, Peter, after saying: “You are the Christ”, then goes on to say: “the Son of the living God” (v. 16). Witness arises from an encounter with the living Jesus. At the centre of Paul’s life too, we find that same word that rises up from Peter’s heart: Christ. Paul repeats this name constantly, almost four hundred times in his letters! For him, Christ is not only a model, an example, a point of reference: he is life itself. Paul writes: “For me to live is Christ” (Phil 1:21). Jesus is Paul’s present and his future, so much so that he considers the past as refuse in comparison to the surpassing knowledge of Christ (cf. Phil 3:7-8).

Brothers and sisters, in the presence of these witnesses, let us ask: “Do I renew daily my own encounter with Jesus?” We may be curious about Jesus, or interested in Church matters or religious news. We may open computer sites and the papers, and talk about holy things. But this is to remain at the level of what are people saying? Jesus does not care about polls, past history or statistics. He is not looking for religion editors, much less “front page” or “statistical” Christians. He is looking for witnesses who say to him each day: “Lord, you are my life”.

Having met Jesus and experienced his forgiveness, the Apostles bore witness to him by living a new life: they no longer held back, but gave themselves over completely. They were no longer content with half-measures, but embraced the only measure possible for those who follow Jesus: that of boundless love. They were “poured out as a libation” (cf. 2 Tim 4:6). Let us ask for the grace not to be lukewarm Christians living by half measures, allowing our love to grow cold. Let us rediscover who we truly are through a daily relationship with Jesus and through the power of his forgiveness. Just as he asked Peter, Jesus is now asking us: “Who do you say that I am?”, “Do you love me?” Let us allow these words to penetrate our hearts and inspire us not to remain content with a minimum, but to aim for the heights, so that we too can become living witnesses to Jesus.

Today we bless the pallia for the Metropolitan Archbishops named in the past year. The pallium recalls the sheep that the shepherd is called to bear on his shoulders. It is a sign that the shepherds do not live for themselves but for the sheep. It is a sign that, in order to possess life, we have to lose it, give it away. Today our joy is shared, in accordance with a fine tradition, by a Delegation from the Ecumenical Patriarchate, whose members I greet with affection. Your presence, dear brothers, reminds us that we can spare no effort also in the journey towards full unity among believers, in communion at every level. For together, reconciled to God and having forgiven one another, we are called to bear witness to Jesus by our lives.
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Upon his election in 2013, Francis slightly tweaked the custom of his predecessors – where now-St John Paul II and Benedict XVI upended centuries of tradition in conferring the Pallium on the new archbishops on this feast, Papa Bergoglio simply gives the woolen band to the metropolitans in a box at the close of the Mass, that each might be invested with it before their people at home: a return to the ancient protocol that, as a jurisdictional insignia, it is never to be worn outside the archbishop's own province.

Among the 31 new metropolitans who took part in today's rites were the head of Australia's largest diocese, Archbishop Peter Comensoli of Melbourne; the new leader of Africa's biggest local church, Archbishop Fridolin Ambongo of Kinshasa in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (with some 6.3 million Catholics, now one of the global church's five largest outposts); two Canadians – Archbishops Peter Hundt of St John's in Newfoundland and Michael Mulhall of Kingston; from Britain, the new archbishop of Southwark, 50 year-old John Wilson – the youngest member of the English bench, now catapulted into one of its top posts; and two Americans: Archbishops Michael Byrnes, the Detroit-born missionary sent to heal an abuse-wracked church on Guam, and Wilton Gregory, now saddled with doing no less under the searing spotlight of the nation's capital.

Though it usually takes several months to line up schedules for the Pallium ceremony to take place in a local church, Francis' Washington pick will formally receive his second one in rapid order: at the 11.30 Sunday Mass on 14 July in St Matthew's Cathedral. (As the vestment is tied to a place, not a person, a transferred archbishop must receive a fresh Pallium for his new charge.)

Notably, today marks the first time since 2017 that a Stateside archbishop has taken part in the Pallium rites, but the US will be making up for the relative dearth over the next two years – as previously reported, no less than six home-turf metropolitans could be named by mid-2020.

In Seattle, the newly-arrived Coadjutor-Archbishop Paul Etienne is expected to take the reins of that million-member fold as early as October; both his replacement in Anchorage and Gregory's own successor atop the 1.2 million-member Atlanta archdiocese are pending, and this very weekend brings the 75th birthdays of both Cardinal Seán O'Malley of Boston and Archbishop Robert Carlson of St Louis, thus signaling the respective "victory laps" of episcopal tenures which began before each turned 40.

All told, the coming ad limina of the US bench – their first Roman report to Francis, beginning this fall – is likely to serve as the Pope's "auditioning" for his next major picks to lead the nation's largest religious body... and, indeed, he'll have ample time to do so: according to preliminary schedules for the visit obtained by Whispers, the Man in White has carved out two-and-a-half-hour blocks for his free-flowing dialogue with each of the USCCB's 15 regions, roughly one group a week from November through February.